Mound Visits Remaining MVR Baseball: Everything You Need to Know

mvr baseball

Baseball is known for its intricate rules and strategic nuances, making it a fascinating sport for enthusiasts and professionals alike. One such rule that significantly impacts game strategy is Mound Visits Remaining (MVR). This blog post provides a comprehensive guide to understanding MVR in Major League Baseball (MLB), explaining its importance, rules, and the implications of running out of mound visits.

I. What is Mound Visits Remaining MVR Baseball?


Mound Visits Remaining (MVR) refers to the number of trips a team can make to the pitcher’s mound during a game. These visits can be made by managers, coaches, or players to discuss strategy, provide encouragement, or address issues with the pitcher.

Applies To

MVR is a rule specific to Major League Baseball (MLB) and does not apply to other levels of baseball, such as collegiate or minor leagues, unless specifically adapted by those leagues.

Not an Official Stat

While MVR is tracked during games and displayed on scoreboards, it is not considered an official statistic. However, it plays a crucial role in the game’s strategy and pacing.

II. How Many Mound Visits Are Allowed in MLB?


Each team is allowed five mound visits per nine-inning game. This rule was implemented to speed up the pace of play and reduce unnecessary delays.

Extra Innings

If the game goes into extra innings, each team is granted one additional mound visit per extra inning. This ensures that teams can continue to manage their pitchers effectively without depleting their mound visits entirely.

Does Not Roll Over

Mound visits do not roll over from game to game. Each game starts with the allowed number of visits, regardless of whether a team used all its visits in the previous game.

III. How Long Can a Mound Visit Last?

Time Limit

A mound visit is limited to 30 seconds. This time starts when the manager or coach exits the dugout and the umpire grants time for the visit.

Start and End

  • Starts: When the manager or coach exits the dugout and the umpire grants time.
  • Ends: When the manager or coach leaves the 18-foot circle around the pitching rubber.

The strict time limit ensures that the game remains on schedule and reduces unnecessary disruptions.

IV. What Happens When You Run Out of Mound Visits in MLB?


If a team runs out of mound visits, the consequences can significantly impact the game’s strategy and outcome.

  • Pitching Change: If a manager or coach crosses the foul line after exhausting all mound visits, a pitching change must be made. The substitute pitcher must face at least one batter.
  • Substitute Pitcher’s First Batter: The relief pitcher can only pitch for the remainder of that at-bat before another pitching change can be made.
  • No Relief Pitcher Warming Up: If no relief pitcher is warming up and a mound visit is needed, the manager or coach may be ejected. The umpire has the discretion to grant additional warm-up time for the relief pitcher if this occurs.

Position Player Visit

If a position player visits the mound after all visits are used, they will not be ejected. However, they must return to their position when instructed by the umpire to avoid ejection.


The umpire keeps track of mound visits and informs teams when they have used all their allowed visits. This tracking is crucial to prevent teams from exceeding their limit.


The umpire signals to the press box and both teams how many mound visits remain, ensuring transparency and adherence to the rule.

V. What Constitutes a Mound Visit?

A mound visit includes any trip to the mound by a team member to talk to the pitcher. This can involve:

  • Players Leaving Their Positions: Any player who leaves their position to confer with the pitcher.
  • Managers/Coaches: Managers or coaches leaving the dugout and heading to the mound.
  • Pitcher Leaving the Mound: The pitcher leaving the mound to confer with other players or coaches.

Joining an Existing Visit

If multiple team members join an existing visit, it does not count as separate visits. This rule prevents teams from circumventing the visit limit by sending multiple players to the mound one at a time.

VI. Why Have Mound Visits?

Discuss Pitching Strategy

Mound visits are often used to discuss pitching strategy, such as pitch selection, signals, and adjustments based on the current game situation. These discussions can help pitchers execute pitches more effectively and anticipate the batter’s actions.

Defensive Strategy Discussions

Infielders may join mound visits to discuss defensive strategies and positioning. This ensures that the entire team is on the same page and can react cohesively to the upcoming play.

Calming the Pitcher

Pitching can be stressful, especially in high-pressure situations. Mound visits provide an opportunity for managers, coaches, or teammates to calm the pitcher, offer encouragement, and refocus their mindset.

Explaining Substitutions

Mound visits are also used to explain impending substitutions and give relief pitchers time to warm up. This ensures a smooth transition and minimizes disruptions to the game’s flow.

VII. Mound Visits vs. Bullpen Visits

Mound Visits

Mound visits involve players or coaching staff going to the mound, temporarily stopping the game. These visits are counted towards the team’s MVR limit.

Bullpen Visits

Bullpen visits refer to relief pitchers warming up off the field before potentially entering the game. These visits are not counted towards the MVR limit but are essential for preparing relief pitchers.

VIII. Exceptions to the Mound Visit Rule

Certain situations do not count as mound visits and are exceptions to the rule. These include:

Normal Player-Pitcher Communication

Routine communication between players and the pitcher between batters does not count as a mound visit.

Injury Checks

If the manager or coach visits the mound to check on an injured player, it does not count as a mound visit. Player safety takes precedence, and these visits ensure that injuries are promptly addressed.

Cleaning Spikes

Visits to clean the pitcher’s spikes, without any conference, do not count as mound visits. These visits address equipment issues and maintain the pitcher’s performance.

Offensive Substitutions

If the opposing team makes an offensive substitution, managers or coaches can visit the mound before the next pitch or play without it counting as a mound visit.

Suspensions of Play

Visits during suspensions of play, called “time” by the umpire, do not count as mound visits. This includes delays due to weather, equipment issues, or other interruptions.

Home Runs

After a home run, players can visit the mound without it counting as a mound visit, provided they return to their positions before the runner crosses home plate.

Inning Breaks or Pitching Changes

Visits during inning breaks or pitching changes do not count as mound visits. These breaks provide natural opportunities for managers and coaches to communicate with their pitchers.

IX. Mound Visit Exceptions for Cross Ups

Cross Up Definition

A cross up occurs when the catcher and pitcher miscommunicate about the signs, leading to confusion about the pitch being thrown.

Handling Cross Ups

When a cross up happens, the catcher usually makes a mound visit to clarify the signs. This visit counts towards the total mound visits allowed.

Out of Visits

If a team is out of mound visits and a cross up occurs, the umpire may allow a brief visit to resolve the confusion. This ensures that the game can continue smoothly and safely.


Understanding Mound Visits Remaining (MVR) in baseball is essential for players, coaches, and fans. This rule significantly impacts the game’s strategy, pacing, and overall outcome. By adhering to the MVR guidelines, teams can effectively manage their pitchers, maintain game flow, and enhance their chances of success.

For baseball enthusiasts, sports fans, MLB players, and coaches, knowing the intricacies of MVR can deepen your appreciation for the sport and provide valuable insights into game strategy. Keep these rules in mind the next time you watch a game, and you’ll have a greater understanding of the decisions made on the field.

If you found this article helpful, don’t forget to share it with fellow baseball enthusiasts and join the conversation by leaving your thoughts and questions in the comments below. Stay tuned for more in-depth articles on baseball rules, strategies, and insights!


  1. What is the Mound Visits Remaining (MVR) rule in baseball?
  • The MVR rule limits the number of visits a team can make to the pitcher’s mound during a game. This helps manage game pacing and strategy.
  1. How many mound visits are allowed per game?
  • Teams are allowed six mound visits per game. Any additional visits require the pitcher to be removed from the game.
  1. Do visits during inning breaks count as mound visits?
  • No, visits during inning breaks or pitching changes do not count as mound visits under MVR regulations.
  1. Can a coach visit the mound to check on an injured pitcher without it counting as a mound visit?
  • Yes, visits for injury checks do not count as mound visits, prioritizing player safety.
  1. What happens if there’s a cross up and the team is out of mound visits?
  • If out of visits, the umpire may allow a brief visit to resolve a cross up, ensuring game continuity and safety.

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